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CLEVELAND FIRSTS

Fun Cool Facts

From the extraordinary to the commonplace, many innovations recognized around the world had their genesis in Cleveland. Here are just a few of the inventions created by Clevelanders:

U.S. college to admit students regardless of race, sex, creed or color (Oberlin College) – 1834

U.S. newspaper for African Americans (The Aliened American) – William Howard Day – 1853

Free home delivery of mail and first mailman’s uniform – Joseph Briggs – 1862

Electric streetlight and electric streetcar – Charles F. Brush – 1879

Indoor shopping center (The Arcade) – 1890

LifeSavers candy – Clarence Crane – 1891

Padded bicycle seat – Arthur Lovett Garford – 1892

Whole-body scanner and x-ray machine – Dayton C. Miller (Case School of Applied Science) – 1896

Modern golfball – Cobuern Haskell, Joseph Mitchell, Bertram Work – 1899

American League – charter member baseball team (Cleveland Indians) – 1901

Ongoing forum for free speech (The City Club of Cleveland) – 1912

American-made standard gasoline automobile – 1898 and American Diesel engine – 1913 – Alexander Winton

African American Cultural Center (Karamu House) – 1915

Gas mask – Garret A. Morgan – 1916

Automatic windshield wiper – Fred & William H. Folberth – 1921

Air-traffic control tower – 1927

Superman comic – Jerry Siegel & Joe Shuster – 1933

The phrase “Rock ‘n’ Roll” – Alan Freed – 1952

Rock and Roll concert (Moondog Coronation Ball) – 1952

African-American mayor of a major city (Carl Stokes) – 1967

Rapid transit rail service from airport to downtown – Greater Cleveland Rapid Transit Authority – 1968

NFL “Monday Night Football” game (Cleveland Municipal Stadium with the Cleveland Browns defeating the New York Jets, 31-20) – 1970

The first city to be awarded five All-American City Awards (1949, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1994)